Civil Rights Organisations Criticise automated data exchange for police cooperation (Prüm II Proposal)

The European Digital Rights (EDRi) network published a position paper on the proposed Regulation on automated data exchange for police cooperation, known as “Prüm II”. This currently primarily consists of a data-sharing network (interlinking national DNA, fingerprint and vehicle registration databases). It foresees the expansion of the data-sharing network to the interconnection of facial images and, on a voluntary basis, “police records”.

The position paper raises several critical issues of the proposal, among others: insufficient alignment to Directive 2016/680 on the protection of personal data with regard to the processing of data by police and criminal justice authorities (the “Law Enforcement Directive”, LED); failure of the draft law to demonstrate the necessity and proportionality of its measures; causation of serious fundamental rights risks, such as undermining the presumption of innocence, enabling mass surveillance and criminalising migration by the expansion to other data categories; exacerbation of trends like systemic discrimination in policing and the broader rule-of-law crisis in Europe.